Faculty of Shariah: Semester II

In the second semester of the faculty of Shariah in the Islamic University of Madeenah, we drop “History of Saudi Arabia” and “History of Fiqh” and pickup “Saheeh Bukharee” and “Tafseer”. The rest of the subjects remain and we continue from the same books we studied from in the Semester I.

For hadeeth studies we are studying the Saheeh of Imam Bukharee, including memorisation of 25 ahadeeth from his collection. Per semester for the next 6 semesters, we will be studying one book from the “Kutb Sitta” which are six books of hadeeth.

For Tafseer studies, we are studying from “Mukhtasar Ibn Katheer” by Shaykh Ahmed Shaakir which is a 3 volume concise version of Ibn Katheer’s original explanation of the Quran. What follows is my timetable.

Different types of Tafseer

Some of the Sahaabah who memorised the Quran

The companions of the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu alayhi wa salam) used to learn the Quran from the Messenger of Allaah, and they would teach it to one another. So whoever missed out on learning something from the Messenger of Allaah would learn it from his companions.

The most famous of those who used to teach people the Qur’an include: ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, and Ubayy ibn Ka‘b (may Allah be pleased with them). They taught many of the younger Sahaabah and, after that, many of the Taabi‘een.

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) mentions in Fath al-Baari (9/52):

“Abu ‘Ubayd mentioned those among the Companions of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) who memorised the Qur’an. Among the Muhaajireen he listed the four caliphs, Talhah, Sa‘d, Ibn Mas‘ood, Hudhayfah, Saalim, Abu Hurayrah, ‘Abdullah ibn as-Saa’ib and the ‘Abdullahs. Among the women he listed ‘Aa’ishah, Hafsah and Umm Salamah. But some of these only completed its memorisation after the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) had died.”

Among the most prominent of these Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) are the following:

1.     Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq (may Allah be pleased with him)

He died on a Monday in Jumaada al-Oola 13 AH at the age of sixty-three. ‘Umar led the funeral prayer for him, and he was buried with the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (5/316)

2.     ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab

He was killed on a Wednesday 26 Dhu’l-Hijjah 23 AH, at the age of sixty-three; there are other views concerning his age.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (7/441)

3.     ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan (may Allah be pleased with him)

He was one of those who memorised the Qur’an at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died a martyr, unlawfully killed in his house, on 18 Dhu’l-Hijjah 35 AH, at the age of eighty-two, according to the correct view.

4.     ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him)

He was killed in Kufah on the morning of 17 Ramadan 40 AH. He memorised the Qur’an after the death of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and it was said that he memorised it during his lifetime.

5.     Ubayy ibn Ka‘b (may Allah be pleased with him)

He was the most prominent of the Qur’an-reciters, the one who had best memorised the Book of Allah. He memorised it at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) he died in Madinah in 20 AH or 19 AH.

6.     ‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ood ibn Ghaafil (may Allah be pleased with him)

He memorised the Qur’an at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in Madinah at the end of 32 AH.

7.     Zayd ibn Thaabit ibn ad-Dahhaak (may Allah be pleased with him)

He memorised the Qur’an at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 45 AH, according to the more correct view.

8.     Abu Moosa al-Ash‘ari, ‘Abdullah ibn Qays (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in Dhu’l-Hijjah 44 AH according to the correct view.

9.     Abu’d-Darda’ ‘Uwaymir ibn Zayd al-Ansaari (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an at the time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 33 AH.

10.                        Abu Hurayrah ad-Dawsi (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from Ubayy ibn Ka‘b. He died in 57 or 58 or 59 AH.

11.                        ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from Ubayy ibn Ka‘b. He died in at-Taa’if in 68 AH.

12.                        ‘Abdullah ibn as-Saa’ib ibn Abi’s-Saa’ib, the most prominent reciter of the people of Makkah

He was a companion of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and narrated a few reports. He was one of the younger Sahaabah. He learned the Qur’an from Ubayy ibn Ka‘b.. He died around 70 AH, during the governorship of Ibn az-Zubayr.

See: Ma‘rifat al-Qurra’ al-Kibaar by al-Haafiz adh-Dhahabi (p. 10-25).

13.                        Mu‘aadh ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 17 or 18 AH, at the age of thirty-four.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (10/187).

14.                        Saalim the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 11 AH on the day of al-Yamaamah.

Al-Bidaayah wa’n-Nihaayah (9/497).

15.                        ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab

He learned the Qur’an from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and from ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan and Zayd ibn Thaabit. He died in 73 AH or, it was said, in 74 AH.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (5/330)

16.                        ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allah be pleased with him)

Ibn Maajah (1346) narrated that he said: I memorized the Qur’an and once I recited it all in one night. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I am afraid that you may live a long life and that you may get tired …” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.

He died in 63 AH; it was also said that he died in 65 or 68 AH, and there were other views.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (5/338)

17.                        ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 58 AH.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (7/243)

18.                        ‘Aa’ishah bint Abi Bakr, the wife of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her)

She learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She died in 57 AH.

Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb (p. 750)

19.                        Hafsah bint ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab, the wife of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her)

She learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She died in 45 AH.

Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb (p. 745)

20.                        Umm Salamah Hind bint Abi Umayyah, the wife of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her)

She learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She died in Shawwaal 59 AH; it was also said that she died during the caliphate of Yazeed ibn Mu‘aawiyah, or in 62 AH.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (12/456)


(taken from IslamQ&A)

 

 

List for Accepted Students at Madeenah Islamic University 2017/1438

The new list for students accepted at the Islamic University of Madeenah 2017/1438 is out! After approx 2 years of not accepting new students, finally the list has been released. For those who applied, check below to see if your name is on the list:

http://admission.iu.edu.sa/IuperviousAbroadInquery.aspx

Congratulations to those who were accepted, in particular to my friend Abu Obaid. I know that exact amazing feeling of seeing your name on the list, your eyes lighting up, your heart thumping and the hundreds of emotions that run through your mind at the time. We ask Allaah to bless the new students, to grant us ikhlaas, grant them understanding of the religion and make them a benefit for the Ummah.

For those who were not accepted, qadrAllaah wa mashaa fa’al. Try again, constantly make dua and remember Madeenah isn’t the only place you can seek knowledge. You can seek knowledge in your own country, the brothers who are the strongest students in the Uni are those who had studied before and put the effort in seeking knowledge before they arrived at the Islamic University. Knowledge can be gained anywhere, even more so with easy access to online courses and scholars, and if you don’t start or continue seeking knowledge simply because you didn’t get accepted, then you have to ask yourself if you are serious about seeking knowledge. If you can’t seek knowledge there, what makes you think you can seek knowledge here? I know many brothers who applied at the same time as me and many more who applied across the several years it took me to get accepted – they depended on their acceptance into Madeenah University so much that they remained stagnant in terms of seeking knowledge locally and now they regret it and they missed out many years of memorising Quran or learning Arabic.

‎ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏ومن سلك طريقًا يلتمس فيه علما سهل الله له به طريقًا إلى الجنة‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مسلم‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Allaah makes the way to Jannah easy for him who treads the path in search of knowledge.”

This path in search of knowledge can be anywhere, be it Madeenah, Egypt, Mauritania, UK or even USA. Seeking knowledge is an ibadah, perform it regardless of where you are.

On another note, it is final exams period for the current students. Please make dua for them, that Allaah makes their exams easy, grants them beneficial knowledge and makes their knowledge a witness for them and not against them.

abumuslim_exam_madeenahlist

The Salaf and their books

Ibn Bashkuwaal describes ‘Abdal-Rahmaan Ibn Muhammad as saying: “He did not lend his original books, and if someone requested him persistently, then he used to give it to a scribe who copied it and revised it, then handed it to the borrower.” [Ibn Bashkuwaal, Al-Silaah, 299]

After the death of Muhammad Ibn Maslamah Al-Ansaaree (31BH – 46AH), a booklet was found attached to his sword containing hadeeth. [Raamhurmuzee, Al-Muhaddith, 56]

Daawood Ibn Nusair Al-Taa’ee (100-160) buried his books [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 3/187]

‘Abdullaah Ibn Luhi’ah (96 – 174) had books which got burnt. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 5/376]

Al-Sakan said: “I asked Ibraheem Ibn Muslim Al-Saa’igh to lend me a book and when he demanded a mortgage, I handed him a copy of the Quraan as a mortgage.” [Imlaa, 178]

Aboo Ishaaq Al-Sabee’ee complained that his grandson Isra’eel filled the house with books. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Taareekh Bahgdaad, 7/22]

Shu’aib Ibn Abee Hamza (90 – 162) did not allow anyone to utilize his books, but on his deathbed he gave permission to two people to transmit these books on his authority. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 2/442]

Once, Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (97-161), being afraid of some trouble, hid his books in a cell. Later, when they were brought out, it was found that there were nine heaps of them each reaching in height to the chest of the man. [‘Alee Ibn Ja’d, Musnad, 248]

Az-Zuhree (51 – 124H) collected books in quantity and used to spend his time with them, so much so, that his wife used to say: “I swear by Allaah, these books are harder for me to bear than three co-wives.” [Aboo Al-Fida, Taareekh, 1/204]

Faculty of Shariah – Islamic University of Madeenah

The faculty of Shariah, known as “Kuliyyatul Shariah”. This is the kuliyyah I have chosen, alhamdulilah. I will write more about this kuliyyah later but for now, here is my timetable.

The books the students study:

Fiqh: Bidayatul Mujtahid
Usool al-Fiqh: Rawdha al-Naadhir
Nahw: Alfiyyah Ibn Malik
Tawheed: Fathul Majeed Sharh Kitab al-Tawheed

Abu Muslim Kamran Kuliyyah Shariah
Mustawa Awal
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
7:30 – 8:20 Fiqh Seerah Usul Fiqh
8:25 – 9:15 Usool Fiqh Fiqh Tawheed Tareekh Quran
9:35 – 10:25 Nahw Fiqh Nahw Seerah
10:30 – 11:20 Tawheed Nahw History Saudi Fiqh Tareekh
11:25 – 12:15 Usul Fiqh Seerah Tawheed

Islam 102 Dawrah! Aug 8th – 18th 2016 – London

Islam102_Dawrah

Islam 102 Dawrah

8th August 2016 – 18th August 2016 – Masjid al-Humera, East London

This unique knowledge course has been inspired by the world renowned dawrahs that are currently held in Masjid Nabawi in the city of Madeenah and there is currently nothing like it in the UK. The organised structure allows students to benefit from each subject individually as standalone courses in their own right. In the field of Aqeedah, we will be learning principles pertaining to the Names and Attributes of Allaah in addition to learning their respective meanings. For Hadeeth studies, students will take a detailed journey through the authentic narrations of the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu alayhi wa salam) from the famous 40 ahadeeth of Imam Nawawi. We will also take a detailed look into the science of Hadeeth. In the field of tarbeeyah, we will take an in depth study of the lessons derived from the story of Musa and Khidr in Surah Kahf.

Come and join us in the company of Angels and continue your good deeds after Ramadan! The dawrah will take place from the 8th of August until the 18th of August 2016 everyday (except Friday 12th August) between 2pm – 5pm at Masjid al-Humera, London, UK.

REGISTER NOW: HTTP://WWW.DHIKRULLAH.COM

Tafseer of the verse: “It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah”

“It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah”

[Faatir 35:28]

The subject here is al-‘ulamaa’ (those who have knowledge). They are the ones who fear Allaah. The structure of the sentence in Arabic, where the word “Allaah” is maf’ool muqaddam (i.e., object appearing before the subject) emphasizes the fact that no one fears Allaah except those who have knowledge. If the subject were mentioned first, that would change the meaning so that it would mean, “those who have knowledge fear nothing but Allaah,” but this is not correct, for there are some knowledgeable people who fear things other than Allaah.

Hence Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 7/539. concerning this verse:

This indicates that everyone who fears Allaah has knowledge, which is true; it does not indicate that everyone who has knowledge fears Him.

See also Tafseer al-Baydaawi, 4/418; Fath al-Qadeer, 4/494.

Ibn Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 4/729. :

Those who fear Him as He should be feared are those who have knowledge of Him, because the more a person knows of the Almighty, All-Powerful, the more he will fear Him.

‘Ali ibn Abi Talhah narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said, concerning the verse “It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah”: Those who know that Allaah is Able to do all things…

Sa’eed ibn Jubayr said: Fear is that which prevents you from disobeying Allaah. Al-Hasan al-Basri said: The one who has knowledge is the one who fears the Most Merciful in private, and seeks that which Allaah wants for him and abstains from that which incurs the wrath of Allaah. Then al-Hasan recited the verse: “It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All‑Mighty, Oft‑Forgiving”.

It was narrated that Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The sign of knowledge is not narrating many ahaadeeth, rather the sign of knowledge is fearing Allaah a great deal…

Sufyaan al-Thawri narrated from Abu Hayyaan al-Taymi that a man said: It was said that those who have knowledge are of three types: those who have knowledge of Allaah and knowledge of the commands of Allaah, those who have knowledge of Allaah but do not have knowledge of the commands of Allaah, and those who have knowledge of the commands of Allaah but do not have knowledge of Allaah.  The one who has knowledge of Allaah and of the command of Allaah is the one who fears Allaah and knows the limits and obligations. The one who has knowledge of Allaah but does not have knowledge of the commands of Allaah is the one who fears Allaah but does not know the limits and obligations. And the one who has knowledge of the commands of Allaah but does not have knowledge of Allaah is the one who knows the limits and obligations but does not fear Allaah.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 17/21:

The meaning of the verse “It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah” is that no one fears Him except the one who has knowledge. Allaah tells us that everyone who fears Allaah has knowledge, as He says in another verse (interpretation of the meaning):

“Is one who is obedient to Allaah, prostrating himself or standing (in prayer) during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the Mercy of his Lord (like one who disbelieves)? Say: ‘Are those who know equal to those who know not?’”

[al-Zumar 39:9]

Al-Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The more a person knows Allaah, the more he will fear Him, and the fear of Allaah will make him refrain from sin and prepare to meet the One Whom he fears. This is indicative of the virtue of knowledge, for it calls one to fear Allaah. The people who fear Allaah are the ones who will be honoured by Him, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Allaah will be pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord”

[al-Bayyinah 98:8]

 

al-Laamiyah

Laamiyyah poem is a poem discussing the aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah. It is ascribed to Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah). It is only 16 verses of poetry, easy to memorize, and a great starting point in memorization for a child or a beginner in knowledge. Its ascription to Ibn Taymiyyah is not decisively established, however, the contents of the poetry are in agreement with the creed of Ahl al-Sunnah, and due its brevity and shortness of length, it is worth attention.

The poem comprises major elements of the belief of the Salaf and touches upon

  • The excellence of the Companions,
  • Making tawassul to Allaah through one’s love of them,
  • The superiority of Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq (radiallaahu anhu),
  • Referring back to the Qur’an and the Sunnah,
  • Believing in the verses of the attributes upon the way of the Salaf,
  • Refuting the Ash’aris who base their view on the Qur’an from the saying of a Trinitarian Christian,
  • Belief in seeing Allaah (the Ru’yah) in the Hereafter,
  • Belief in Allaah’s descent to the lowest heaven without how,
  • Belief in the Meezaan, Hawd and Siraat (from the affairs of the Hereafter),
  • The punishment of the Fire and the reward of Paradise in relation to Divine Wisdom its connection to the topic of al-qadar,
  • The questioning in the grave,
  • And establishing this was the creed of the four Imaams.

You can download the PDF of the translation of the poem here:

http://www.aqidah.com/creed/assets/docs/laamiyyah-translation.pdf

Usool al Thalaatha – كتاب ثلاثة الأصول

The Three Principles (Al Usool Ath Thalaathah) by Muhammad ibn Abdil Wahhaab, covers the three questions we will be asked in our graves once we die:

“WHO IS YOUR LORD? WHAT IS YOUR RELIGION? WHO IS YOUR PROPHET?”

Shaykh Saalih al Fawzaan said in his explanation of the book:

So before us is this treatise – the treatise “The Three Fundamental Principles” – and it is a tremendous treatise which is brief, supported by evidences from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of his Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

And this small treatise is about a tremendous fundamental matter from the fundamentals of Islaam, and it is ‘aqeedah – creed and belief. And the scholars give importance to these brief works, authoring them and exerting themselves in keeping them brief and refining them; then they would encourage their students to memorise them so that they should remain fundamental assets for them and a store of provision for them from which they can derive benefit, and through which they bring benefit to others.

And beginning with these shorter works is the foundation for the students of knowledge, so the student of knowledge should begin by learning little by little, taking from the initial points of knowledge and its fundamentals and then proceeding in stages through it.

This is a beginner text for the student of knowledge and is pretty self explanatory, it explains the basics of the religion and is also good for those who are either new to the religion or have just started to become ‘practicing’. Although it can be read as a standalone, there are many shurooh (explanations) available such as the popular one by Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen, there is also one by Shaykh Salih Fawzaan and a summarised one by Shaykh AbdurRahman al-Barrak.

usool-al-thalath