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Definition of the ankle and the ruling on thereof.

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Definition of the ankle and the ruling on thereof.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (34/259):

The word ka‘b (ankle) linguistically refers to the node between two segments of a stem. The ka‘b of a man refers to the prominent bone on the two sides of the foot. Al-Azhari said: The two ka‘bs are the prominent points on the right and left of the foot, where the leg meets the foot.

Ibn al-A‘raabi and a number of others said: The ka‘b is the joint between the leg and the foot. The plural forms are ku‘oob, ak‘ub and ki‘aab. Al-Asma‘i rejected the popular view that the ka‘b is the back of the foot (the heel).

According to the majority of fuqaha’, the ka‘b is the bone that protrudes where the leg and the foot meet.

Ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy on him) said: I do not know of anyone who disagrees with the view that the two ka‘bs are the two bones at the joint of the leg and foot.

 

Regarding the ruling of including it in the wudoo’

Muslim (246) narrated that Nu‘aym ibn ‘Abdullah al-Mujmir said: I saw Abu Hurayrah doing wudoo’. He washed his face and did wudoo’ properly, then he washed his right arm as far as the first part of the upper arm, then his left arm as far as the first part of the upper arm. Then he wiped his head, then he washed his right foot as far as the first part of the calf, then his left foot as far as the first part of the calf. Then he said: This is how I saw the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) doing wudoo’.

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

The words “as far as the first part of the upper arm” and “as far as the first part of the calf” mean that the washing includes these areas. End quote.

It says in al-Mawsoo‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah (22/121):

The majority of fuqaha’ are of the view that washing the feet with the ankles – which are the two bones that protrude where the leg and the foot meet – is one of the obligatory parts of wudoo’ because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles”

[al-Maa’idah 5:6]

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “The ankles are the two prominent bones at the base of the leg; the ankles are included in the instruction to wash the feet.”

Majmoo‘ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il al-‘Uthaymeen (12/484)