Some of the Sahaabah who memorised the Quran

The companions of the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu alayhi wa salam) used to learn the Quran from the Messenger of Allaah, and they would teach it to one another. So whoever missed out on learning something from the Messenger of Allaah would learn it from his companions.

The most famous of those who used to teach people the Qur’an include: ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, and Ubayy ibn Ka‘b (may Allah be pleased with them). They taught many of the younger Sahaabah and, after that, many of the Taabi‘een.

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) mentions in Fath al-Baari (9/52):

“Abu ‘Ubayd mentioned those among the Companions of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) who memorised the Qur’an. Among the Muhaajireen he listed the four caliphs, Talhah, Sa‘d, Ibn Mas‘ood, Hudhayfah, Saalim, Abu Hurayrah, ‘Abdullah ibn as-Saa’ib and the ‘Abdullahs. Among the women he listed ‘Aa’ishah, Hafsah and Umm Salamah. But some of these only completed its memorisation after the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) had died.”

Among the most prominent of these Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) are the following:

1.     Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq (may Allah be pleased with him)

He died on a Monday in Jumaada al-Oola 13 AH at the age of sixty-three. ‘Umar led the funeral prayer for him, and he was buried with the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (5/316)

2.     ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab

He was killed on a Wednesday 26 Dhu’l-Hijjah 23 AH, at the age of sixty-three; there are other views concerning his age.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (7/441)

3.     ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan (may Allah be pleased with him)

He was one of those who memorised the Qur’an at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died a martyr, unlawfully killed in his house, on 18 Dhu’l-Hijjah 35 AH, at the age of eighty-two, according to the correct view.

4.     ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him)

He was killed in Kufah on the morning of 17 Ramadan 40 AH. He memorised the Qur’an after the death of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and it was said that he memorised it during his lifetime.

5.     Ubayy ibn Ka‘b (may Allah be pleased with him)

He was the most prominent of the Qur’an-reciters, the one who had best memorised the Book of Allah. He memorised it at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) he died in Madinah in 20 AH or 19 AH.

6.     ‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ood ibn Ghaafil (may Allah be pleased with him)

He memorised the Qur’an at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in Madinah at the end of 32 AH.

7.     Zayd ibn Thaabit ibn ad-Dahhaak (may Allah be pleased with him)

He memorised the Qur’an at the time of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 45 AH, according to the more correct view.

8.     Abu Moosa al-Ash‘ari, ‘Abdullah ibn Qays (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in Dhu’l-Hijjah 44 AH according to the correct view.

9.     Abu’d-Darda’ ‘Uwaymir ibn Zayd al-Ansaari (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an at the time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 33 AH.

10.                        Abu Hurayrah ad-Dawsi (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from Ubayy ibn Ka‘b. He died in 57 or 58 or 59 AH.

11.                        ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from Ubayy ibn Ka‘b. He died in at-Taa’if in 68 AH.

12.                        ‘Abdullah ibn as-Saa’ib ibn Abi’s-Saa’ib, the most prominent reciter of the people of Makkah

He was a companion of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and narrated a few reports. He was one of the younger Sahaabah. He learned the Qur’an from Ubayy ibn Ka‘b.. He died around 70 AH, during the governorship of Ibn az-Zubayr.

See: Ma‘rifat al-Qurra’ al-Kibaar by al-Haafiz adh-Dhahabi (p. 10-25).

13.                        Mu‘aadh ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 17 or 18 AH, at the age of thirty-four.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (10/187).

14.                        Saalim the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 11 AH on the day of al-Yamaamah.

Al-Bidaayah wa’n-Nihaayah (9/497).

15.                        ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab

He learned the Qur’an from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and from ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan and Zayd ibn Thaabit. He died in 73 AH or, it was said, in 74 AH.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (5/330)

16.                        ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allah be pleased with him)

Ibn Maajah (1346) narrated that he said: I memorized the Qur’an and once I recited it all in one night. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “I am afraid that you may live a long life and that you may get tired …” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.

He died in 63 AH; it was also said that he died in 65 or 68 AH, and there were other views.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (5/338)

17.                        ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allah be pleased with him)

He learned the Qur’an from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). He died in 58 AH.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (7/243)

18.                        ‘Aa’ishah bint Abi Bakr, the wife of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her)

She learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She died in 57 AH.

Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb (p. 750)

19.                        Hafsah bint ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab, the wife of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her)

She learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She died in 45 AH.

Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb (p. 745)

20.                        Umm Salamah Hind bint Abi Umayyah, the wife of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and may Allah be pleased with her)

She learned the Qur’an from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). She died in Shawwaal 59 AH; it was also said that she died during the caliphate of Yazeed ibn Mu‘aawiyah, or in 62 AH.

Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (12/456)


(taken from IslamQ&A)

 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *